Parental Neglect Feeds The Cycle of Addiction
Parents suffering from addiction often inflict emotional and physical neglect and abuse upon their children during early developmental stages. As a result, the child grows up with an unstable sense of self and an inability to form healthy attachments as they continue to grow and mature.
Studies show children raised by parents with a substance use disorder are at an increased risk for addiction in adulthood. Other problematic parental behaviors are also linked to higher rates of adulthood addiction in children.
Parental behavioral patterns that influence addiction in adulthood include:
- Parental substance use
- Parental alcohol use disorder (AUD)
- Parental cannabis use disorder (CUD)
- Stepparent alcohol use disorder (AUD)
- Favorable parental attitudes toward alcohol use
- Enabling parental attitudes toward alcohol use
- Parental neglect resulting from substance abuse
- Lack of parent-child relationship
- Lack of parental support, involvement, and supervision
Although many children living in households with a substance-using parent do not experience abuse or neglect. That being said, they are at increased risk for child maltreatment and welfare involvement compared with other children according to SAMHSA.
Childhood experiences that influence addictive behaviors include:
- Emotional abuse
- Verbal abuse
- Physical abuse
- Sexual abuse
- Domestic violence
- Parental separation or divorce
- Household dysfunction
- Drug abuse
- Alcohol abuse
- Mental illness
- Criminal behavior
A study in Psychiatric Services found that, compared to people who report no history of parental alcohol abuse, those who had grown up with at least one alcohol-abusing parent experience higher rates of trauma.
Childhood Trauma and Substance Abuse
Children who grow up in an environment of substance use are commonly exposed to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Not only are these adverse experiences linked to the development of addiction in adulthood but research also shows that they trigger changes in gene expression as a trauma response. Since the child’s genes change as a result of their environment, they are epigenetic in nature.
Interestingly, a study found that children exposed to SUD-related trauma are more likely to experience the following:
- Alcohol use disorder
- Drug use disorder
- Suicide attempts
- Smoke nicotine products
- Poor self-reported health
- 50+ sexual partners
- Sexually transmitted disease
- Physical inactivity
- Severe obesity
The study found that children with a history of parental abuse were four to 12 times more likely to experience substance use disorders, depression, and suicide attempts. Similarly, children from abusive families were two to four times more likely to have poor health, nicotine addiction, more than 50 sexual partners, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Sufferers of childhood trauma are also 1.5 times more likely to develop severe obesity or patterns of physical inactivity.
How To Stop The Cycle of Addiction
For many families across the country, the struggle of addiction is a difficult cycle to break, but it’s not impossible. Growing up with a parent battling drug or alcohol abuse, it is important to know that you always have a choice regarding how you will live your life.
Harsh realities and the questions people have to face in order to stop the cycle of addiction include:
- Will I step into the same addictive habits as my parent?
- Do I want to develop a victim mentality?
- Do I truly believe that I have no other options, or is it just easier to become like my parent?
- Will I step forward knowing I have the power to design my life around healthy, compassionate behaviors that will benefit my growth?
To whoever needs to hear this today: the struggle you have seen in your family does not need to be your own. You have the power to stop the cycle.
Breaking the Cycle of Addiction in Your Family
An estimated 25% of U.S. children are exposed to alcohol abuse or dependence in the family. Since the first meeting in 1977, Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACA) has worked to address the health and social problems that affect children growing up in addiction-filled households. While 12-step groups have grown throughout the U.S., these community-based groups affect members in different ways. Committed members of self-help groups for adult children of alcoholics and addiction process their childhood and alter perceptions of their family members.
In order to break the cycle of addiction in your family, you must accept the following:
- Toxic family dynamics influence your substance use.
- Your family shares responsibility for your substance use.
- You were negatively affected by your family’s substance abuse.
- Like all people, your parents are flawed human beings.
- You are worthy and deserving of self-forgiveness.
Transforming your worldview can help you avoid falling into the same patterns of abuse that feed the cycle of addiction in your family. Understanding the causes and effects of your parent’s alcohol or drug abuse can help you reframe your childhood experiences. For example, your parents are people too. Before you entered the picture, they lived a whole life of unique experiences likely filled with unresolved pain and trauma that continues to feed their addictive behaviors. Make peace with the truth that their path in life does not have to become yours.
Your perspective in life will determine your life path. By changing the way you look at your childhood, you can change your life and break the cycle of addiction in your family.
Recovering from the Effects of Family Addiction
Don’t believe that just because your parent or another loved one struggles you must live out your days struggling too. It doesn’t need to define who you are and what you do. You have the power to break the cycle and start a new beginning for your family. Here’s how.
In order to break the cycle of addiction, you must:
- Focus on the things you can control.
- Allow other people into your life.
- Give yourself the love you needed as a child.
- Turn your pain into purpose.
Each day you have a choice—you can take steps to move forward with purpose or stay rooted in the past. While you cannot control your parent’s addiction, you are in charge of yourself. Allow yourself to heal and grow by deciding the memories from your childhood will no longer rule over your life choices. Even more, you may not have control over everything that happens in your life, but you do have control over how you respond. It is important to recognize that you hold the power to break the cycle of addiction in your family. You can be the one who ends it.
Take the pain of growing up in a household of addiction and use it as fuel to push you forward. In therapy and treatment, you can learn from your parents’ mistakes, find healthier ways to cope with your feelings, and mold a new fulfilling life in recovery.
Looking for Help?
If you are looking for support resources for yourself or addiction treatment options for a loved one, please reach out. We’re available 24/7, and every call is free and confidential.